Types of Psychotherapy

Types Of Psychotherapy

Individual counseling is consulting with a therapist, who is an objective, non judgmental and professionally trained person.

What Is Individual Counseling or Personal Counseling All About?

Individual counseling involves working with the individual on a one-on-one basis in order to address his or her needs and difficulties. With the psychotherapist, individuals can share their innermost thoughts and feelings.

This sharing helps individuals to understand themselves better and helps them to address their emotional difficulties in a more adaptive fashion. These difficulties could be something they are facing in day to day life, a situation they are unable to deal with, a decision they find difficult to make, a relationship they find difficult to handle, a past they are unable to get over or emotions and feelings that they find difficult to accept and deal with.

There are various schools or types of psychotherapy and a combination of these is applied as per the needs and personality of each client.

Increasing Stress in Urban Life & The Role of Individual Counseling

Life in urban India gets increasingly stressful with every passing year. A decade ago, a psychologist’s practice saw clients only through referrals of other medical practitioners. Often the clients had diagnosable mental health issues. However, today, the profile of the typical client who visits a psychologist has drastically changed.

The typical client is now a person struggling to cope with life in general. The stress could be coming from many areas – marital, parenthood, work etc.

Adults often struggle with sadness, sorrow, tension, anxiety and conflict. When the emotional struggles of such a person get overwhelming, he or she seeks help.

Family conflicts, difficulty coping with work pressure or getting along with colleagues, low self confidence, social anxiety, anger management issues, addiction, fears and phobias or any other problems involving thoughts, behavior and emotions can be the focus of therapy.

There are various schools or types of psychotherapy and a combination of these is applied as per the needs and personality of each client:

PERSON CENTERED THERAPY 

Also known as the humanistic or Rogerian approach, Person Centered therapy forms the basis of all forms of counselling. It mainly focuses on creating an environment and therapeutic alliance based in empathy, unconditional positive regard, active listening and congruence. The counsellor strives to create a transparent relationship with the client and encourages them to engage in full exploration of all aspects self. Person Centered therapy is rooted in the belief that the humans have the potential to actively choose and purposefully make decision about things related to them and their environment. A person centered therapist creates an environment that builds on this potential and fosters growth and actualisation for the client.  

Mindfulness Based Psychotherapy 

Mindfulness is a beautiful practice of staying rooted in the present. The mind is a creature of habit. It habitually clings to stories and beliefs about ourselves, our past and our future. The practice of mindfulness allows us to step out of the continuous stream of thought, create openness to experience the moment for what it is, adopt a non-judgmental attitude towards ourselves and to life, and view our patterns with more compassion. It gives a firm, solid base upon which one can build a meaningful life and make changes to patterns slowly, gently and with compassion.

(We also offer a course on Mindfulness Based Psychotherapy for psychologists, counsellors and other helping professionals, to enable them to integrate mindfulness into their work with their clients. Know more about this course here.)

Somatic Psychotherapy

Somatic Psychotherapy is a means of including the body in the healing process. Since the nervous system is spread all over the body, the body experiences and stores emotional experiences along with the mind. Hence, changing habitual patterns includes working through stored emotions and trauma in the body in addition to working with changing perspectives through the mind. Somatic Psychotherapy beautifully opens up space for better and fuller processing of difficult emotions, which then allows for greater flow and room for change.

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) / Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

Our thoughts determine who we are. What we think about ourselves, about other people and about our world will affect how we feel about the same. How we feel about a particular thing also in turn affects what we think about it. Behavior is also similarly connected to our thoughts and emotions. So while positive and logical thinking can be a great asset, negative or insensible thought patterns can be highly maladaptive. REBT focuses on challenging and altering irrational thoughts which lead to negative emotions and dysfunctional behavior. It is a comprehensive approach dealing with thoughts, emotions and behavior to bring about holistic change, growth and development.

Behavior Therapy

Behavior is the end product of all our thoughts and emotions – this is what we do. It can either work for us or against us. Often, unhealthy behavior patterns prove counterproductive and we end up creating problems for ourselves and others. Dysfunctional patterns can be difficult to change on one’s own as mostly we don’t even realize what’s going wrong or just feel helpless to change it. Behavior therapy focuses on altering problematic or dysfunctional behavior patterns through a series of concrete techniques. It is applied most widely with children and is quite useful for adults too.

Play Therapy

Play therapy is the most widely used form of therapy when it comes to children. In this, the therapist communicates with children in the language they understand best – play. Rapport and trust is built while playing with children till they are very comfortable in the setting and with the therapist. Then children are helped and guided to express their concerns through play and their issues are addressed also through play itself. Emotions are expressed and new behavior patterns are taught all while the child is playing which helps the child accept and imbibe things better and much more easily. The child is coached with skills and helped sort through emotional or behavioral problems through various play techniques ranging from puppets to puzzles to clay, and therapy happens naturally in this process while the child is having fun!

Transactional Analysis

Transactional analysis is a powerful therapeutic tool that helps increase internal well-being. It helps individuals identify the ego-state they are functioning in and their interpersonal transactions. This helps them gain insight and increases their willingness to effect a positive change in themselves. With the help of the therapist, they are able to eliminate dysfunctional behaviors and establish and reinforce positive relationship styles and healthy functioning. Transactional analysis utilizes a contract for specific changes desired by the client and involves the “Adult” in both the client and the clinician to sort out behaviors, emotions and thoughts that prevent the development of full human potential.

67 thoughts on “Types of Psychotherapy”

  1. Hi Karuna

    Thank you for reaching out.
    We have send you details about counseling.
    Could you please check your inbox?

    Feel free to call us on 9833985538 for further assistance.

    regards
    Inner Space Team

  2. Hi Apeksha,

    Thank you for writing to us. We have emailed you Individual counseling’s details as requested. Could you please check your inbox.

    Warm regards,
    The Inner Space Team

  3. Hi,

    I see a great use of psychotherapy in the field of sports. Would you be interested to work in the field of Sports as i have a vision to implement the same in sports. Do let me know.

    Regards,
    Ajinkya
    sawantajinkya07@gmail.com

  4. It’s been a year since the birth of my child and I’m going through a lot of changes in life. I’ve been on an emotional ride! I live with an introverted husband and his parents keep visiting, but stay for more months than expected. I have my own emotional things to deal with (the kind of delivery I had and the way things have changed for me) and don’t know how to deal with my anger that keeps coming and going at random times. It is highly uncomfortable talking about these things at home in their presence and outside is strictly a no-no because it might embarrassing for my husband! But this is only one thing! I have many other things going on in my little head and I’m sure I will breakdown if I continue dealing it this way. I don’t want my child to see what kind of a monster I become when angry! I need a healthy outlet.

  5. Dear Sameera,

    We understand your concerns about your child. There could be several reasons why children may display behaviours like tantrums, laziness, and so on. To support her, we need to identify what her concerns are, in a deeper light. It would be hard for us to advise you based on the information you have provided.

    If you would like to understand her concerns, you could come in for a consultation session, share your concerns about her with the therapist, so accordingly we can find ways to support her. Please feel free to get in touch with us to book an appointment, or in case of further queries.

    Warmly,

    The Inner Space Team

  6. hi,
    need your advice for my 4.5 year old daughter.
    according to me she is like a normal child but the difference is seen by others and not mother that is said rightly.
    well my daughter lot of problem with eating she is fussy about eating food at times she doesn’t eat for straight 8 hrs also.
    She is very lethargic and lazy about doing her studies although for 4.5 yr old doesn’t have to study too much but the basics should be cleared at this age because of which i am worried. plus i guess she has concentration issues.
    Throwing tantrums for going to school and classes.. she’s interested in drawing, painting, dancing but only at home not outside. I had admitted her in swimming and skates class which she just went for few days pot which she started throwing her tantrums and stops going.
    My only question to you is does she need any behavioural therapy or counselling or all this is quite normal
    can you please advice what can be done?

  7. Hi Piyush,

    Thank you for writing to us. We have sent you an email with the details of the tests you mentioned. If you have any mroe queries, please feel free to get in touch with us.

    Warmly,
    The Inner Space Team

  8. Dear Utkarsh,

    Thank you for writing to us. We have responded to you with an email containing some details of the counselling process and fee structure. Please check and feel free to get in touch with us.

    Warm Regards,
    The Inner Space Team

  9. Looking for counselling sessions for my wife ( Age 26 ) facing depression issues.
    Can you please provide details a well as fee structure.
    Thanks

  10. Dear Siddhi,

    Thank you for writing to us. We have sent you an email containing the details of counselling process and fee structure. Please check and feel free to get in touch with us.

    Warmly,
    The Inner Space Team

  11. Hi Riddhi,

    We understand that this is a difficult phase for both, you and your partner. Sometimes, in a marriage, issues remain unresolved, and start to pile up. Each partner’s differences in personality and temperament can serve to aggravate these issues. This eventually leads to further strife and conflicts in the relationship and then affects the well-being of the relationship and both the partners.

    Generally, in the case of relationship difficulties, we suggest that both partners come in for counseling so that the counselor can help each of you work with your difficulties. However, we do work with individuals as well. If for any reason, your partner is unwilling or unable to come, we suggest you still come in for counseling, so that counselor can help you cope with your emotions.

    We have sent you an email on the process of counseling and the fee structure, to help you decide. Please feel free to get in touch with us if you have any more queries.

    Regards,
    The Inner Space Team.

  12. Hi,
    Don’t know if im knocking the right door? I feel I`m very short tempered and I usually loose it very fast. Probably that is the reason me and my husband end up in a fight. currently, im going through a very rough martial phase. I don’t want the relationship to end. I also don’t know whether my husband will join me for counselling. should I be opting for a martial counselling or an individual counselling.
    also, would be great if you can provide me the fee structure.

  13. Hi Nandini,

    Yes, we do provide online counselling services via Skype for those living outside Mumbai.

    We have sent you an email on the counselling process and the fee structure.

    Please feel free to get in touch with us if you have any more queries.

    Thanks and Regards,
    The Inner Space Team.

  14. Hi,
    Can you please share your fee structure with me? Also, do you provide counselling services to those living out of Mumbai?

  15. Dear Suyog,
    Thank you for writing in to us. We understand how overwhelming and confusing this time must be for you. We would be glad to help you out through counseling. We have emailed you the details for individual counseling. Kindly check for an email from info@demo.innerspacetherapy.in
    Warm Regards.

  16. Hello,
    I need personal counselling for myself. I am dealing under confusion, lost track, anxiety over future life and jobless at the age of 26.
    Also please share the fees structure that you would charge and the time for counselling.
    Thank you

  17. Hi,

    Please share the details about the process and the fee structure of individual counseling

  18. Hi..

    Would like to know fee structure and procedure for individual counselling. Pls share

    Rgds,

    Priti

  19. Dear Swati,
    Thank you for writing in and for sharing your concerns with us. We understand that it must be difficult and stressful when you are unable to manage your temper. It tends to get distressing for you as well as for others who are involved. We would be glad to help you via counseling. We have sent you an email with details about the process and the fee structure of counseling. Kindly check for an email from info@demo.innerspacetherapy.in
    Warm Regards

  20. Hi,

    I would like to opt for an individual therapy session. I have anger management issues. I am experiencing a lot of negativity and being very cranky. It is affecting my family too. Could you please send me the details of the therapy and fee structure.

  21. Hi ,
    I would like to know about individual counseling for me.Kindly send me the details like fees, appointment & procedure.

  22. I would like to know about individual counseling for myself. Kindly send me the details about Fee structure & procedure. I would like to book an appointment at the earliest.

  23. Dear Madhu,
    Thank you for writing in and sharing your concerns with us. We understand how difficult it must be for your sister to cope with depression and low self esteem. We would be glad to support her through counseling. Counseling will help her work through the upsetting patterns of thought and behaviour that keep resurfacing. We use a mix of approaches, including cognitive, emotional and mindfulness based approaches to address the concerns holistically.
    We have emailed you more details about the process of counseling. Kindly check for an email from info@demo.innerspacetherapy.in

    We wish you the best

    Warm Regards

  24. Hi,i am looking for counselling for my sister who is suffering from low self esteem issues,depression.I would like you to mail me what are the modalities of treatment available for her,what is the frequency of counselling sessions,where is it held and the fee structure
    i request you to mail me the details
    regards
    madhu

  25. Hi
    I would like to know the fee structure for individual counselling. Where are the sessions held and the frequency.

    Regards

  26. Dear Team,

    Please mail me fee structure of individual counseling. Where are these counseling held?

    Regards,
    Sweety

  27. I want to avail the facility of individual counselling..please help me with the necessary details and fee…
    I really need ur help..
    Thankyou

  28. Dear Priyadarshini,
    We would be glad to help you. Therapy for a diagnosed mental illness would involve use of approaches such as cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness based approaches and emotion-centered therapy, based on your difficulties and also on your personality. A consultation session with a counselor should help to clarify what approaches would help.
    We have sent you an email containing details of procedure and fee structure. Kindly check for an email from info@demo.innerspacetherapy.in
    Warm Regards

  29. i want to take personal as well as online counseling , can you please let me know the rates for both?

  30. Dear Rakesh,
    Thank you for writing in and for sharing your concerns with us. Definitely, REBT, behavior therapy and even other forms of therapy such as mindfulness-based stress reduction would be of great help in easing out your distress. Therapy would give you an opportunity to gain more clarity about underlying reasons why certain habitual patterns of thought and emotion have formed. With the help of the therapist, you can then gradually take steps to initiate change. Write in to us at info@demo.innerspacetherapy.in if you wish to know more details about therapy such as process and fee structure. You can also call us on 9833985538. Our enquiry timings are 11am to 7pm, Monday to Friday
    Thanks and Warm Regards

  31. I often encounter mood swings and i have observed that i generally encounter these due to circumstances in the past. Its like i am stuck in a limbo that i am over the past but i can’t stop myself from thinking about it. I have also become quite sensitive a person that i wasn’t before and also my ego i think might have reached a level where it has started acting against my own intentions. As i read REBT and Behaviour therapy i thought there might be something in it for me. Please provide your opinion.

  32. I want know about personal counseling for myself..please let me know about fee and procedure.

  33. I would like to know about individual counseling for myself. Please let me know about therapy for a diagnosed mental illness (I have yet to ask my doctor what it is, but have been under medication). Kindly send me the details like appointment, fee structure & procedure.

    Thanks,
    Priya.

  34. Dear Parvez,
    We sincerely apologize for the delay in our response. Due to some technical glitches, we were unable to respond to your comment earlier.
    We do offer psychotherapy for OCN and we would be glad to support you through counseling. We are sending you an email with details about the process and fee structure of psychotherapy, to help you decide. Please check for an email from info@innerspacetherapy .in
    Take care

  35. Dear Venita,
    Thank you for writing in to us. We would be glad to help you through counseling. One-time counseling is usually not enough and consistent counseling helps in gaining clarity of one’s needs and emotions. Counseling requires regular sessions so as to create stable change. In sessions, counselors help you develop healthy coping strategies and thus eventually function, independent of counseling.
    We have sent you an email with details regarding the process and fee structure of counseling. Please check for an email from info@demo.innerspacetherapy.in
    Warm Regards

  36. Hello,

    I would like to know the fee for one time individual counselling. Is a one time counselling enough or does repeated counselling help in finding solutions?

  37. Dear Praful,
    Thank you for writing in. We have emailed you the details. The mode of therapy would not be medical. It would be through counseling and psychotherapy. Please check for an email from info@demo.innerspacetherapy.in

    Take care
    Regards

  38. Hi ,
    I would like to know about individual counseling for my Fiancee. Kindly send me the details like appointment,Mode of treatment(medically or naturally),Fee structure & procedure.

    Thanks,

  39. Dear Jaya,
    Thank you for writing in and sharing your concerns with us. It seems like you are going through a stressful time. Sometimes, even though there seems to be nothing visibly wrong with the way things are going, there can be some subtle issues that could be colouring our perception and emotions. When these issues remain unresolved, they start to affect the way we see things and we get stuck in a loop that can be very overwhelming and tiring.

    Don’t lose heart. Try and identify this pattern, what are the things that make you feel overwhelmed? Once you are aware of this, you can start to work on it. Keep some time out in the day to do something that you like doing- it could be listening to music,reading a book or meeting a friend. You can also talk to family members and close friends about this; a supportive environment can help to ease the pressure.
    If you feel that this is difficult to manage on your own, you can seek help from a counselor. A counselor will gain a detailed understanding of the situation and help you cope with your emotions.
    If you wish to know the process and fee of counseling at Inner Space, let us know.
    Take Care

  40. Nothing is visibly wrong with my life. Actually I lead a fairly comfortable one but I just don’t see anything good in anything. I’m overwhelmed with the simplest tasks and keep falling in this pit after trying many things to stay afloat.

    What can I do?

  41. Dear Ravi,
    Thank you for writing in to us. We would be glad to support your wife through counseling. We have sent you an email with details about the process and fee structure of individual counseling. Please check for an email from info@demo.innerspacetherapy.in
    Take Care

  42. Hi ,
    I would like to know about individual counseling for my Wife. Kindly send me the details like fees, appointment & procedure.

    Thanks,

    Ravi

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