Psychological or psychometric assessment is the process of measuring and understanding psychological constructs such as personality, intelligence and behavior. This is done with the help of psychometric tests which are scientifically formulated and validated tools to assess the particular area of interest.

The usual purposes for psychological assessment are to provide a diagnosis for treatment settings; to assess a particular area of functioning or disability often for school settings; to help select type of treatment or to assess treatment outcomes; to help courts decide issues such as child custody or competency to stand trial; or to help assess job applicants or employees and provide career development counseling or training.

There are several broad categories of psychological tests:

1. Intelligence Quotient Tests:

Intelligence is the ability to understand complex ideas, to adapt effectively to the environment, to learn from experience and to engage in various forms of reasoning. I.Q. tests are measures of these abilities. In these types of tests, the person is evaluated on a series of tasks ranging from numerical reasoning and general knowledge questions to puzzles. After the test is completed, the results are interpreted with reference to a norm group, usually composed of people at the same age as the person being evaluated. This gives us a measure of the individual’s intellectual functioning as compared to people of the same age.

Inner Space offers:

  1. Weschler’s Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-Indian Adaptation)
  2. The Seguin Form Board Test (SFB)
  3. Vineland Social Maturity Scale (VSMS)
  4. Weschler’s Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
  5. Binet Kamat Intelligence Test (BKT)

 

2. Achievement Tests:

Achievement tests measure the level of development and use of various abilities. While intelligence tests tap the capacity or potential level of functioning of an individual, achievement tests measure the extent to which the person is being able to use or apply these abilities in various areas. These tests explore the problems faced by the individual in these areas, if any and aid in the identification of learning disabilities. The measured areas include reading, writing, comprehension, visual-motor functioning and arithmetic among others.

Inner Space offers:

  1. Schonell’s Diagnostic and Attainment Testing
  2. Informal Assessment
  3. Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test (BVMGT)

 

3. Aptitude and Interest Tests:

Aptitude is an individual’s innate or acquired capacity, capability or talent for something. Appropriate knowledge of one’s aptitude combined with knowledge of one’s interests, ability and achievement can give us a comprehensive picture of the individual’s possible success and satisfaction in different areas at school or work. This information can aid in choosing the right fields for education and career.

Inner Space offers:

  1. Differential Aptitude Test
  2. Interest Inventories

 

4. Personality Tests:

Personality is a pattern of thought, behavior and emotions that remains somewhat consistent across time and situations. Personality is characteristic of and unique to each individual. Personality tests aim to identify specific traits or personality as a whole. They help in identifying the typical ways in which the person reacts to or deals with various situations. They aid in diagnosing clinical disorders and identifying emotional difficulties. Psychological measures of personality are often described as either objective tests or projective tests.

Objective personality tests are usually self-report inventories. Self-report inventories are paper-and-pen tests that require people to answer questions about their typical behavior. Objective tests are very structured questionnaires involving multiple choice and true or false questions.

Inner Space offers:

  1. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
  2. Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF)
  3. Millon’s Clinical Multi-axial Inventory (MCMI)

Projective personality tests require subjects to respond to ambiguous stimuli, such as pictures and phrases that can be interpreted in many different ways. Projective tests are based on the idea that people interpret ambiguous stimuli in ways that reveal their concerns, needs, conflicts, desires, and feelings. Projective tests involve questions that are open-ended and relatively unstructured which allows the person being tested to have more freedom to respond appropriately.

Inner Space offers:

  1. The Rorschach Inkblot Test
  2. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  3. Draw-A-Person Test (DAP)
  4. House-Tree-Person Test (HTP)

 

5. Neuropsychological Assessment:

Neuropsychological tests measure memory, concentration, visual-spatial, problem solving, counting, and language skills. Neuropsychological tests enable a clinician to analyze a patient’s cognitive status, as well as emotional, psychological, motor, and sensory functions. These tests consist of specifically designed tasks used to measure a psychological function known to be linked to a particular brain structure or pathway. Neuropsychological testing is performed to diagnose a brain disorder or disease, to monitor the progress of someone who is being treated for these types of conditions, or to screen for developmental delays or learning disorders in children.

Inner Space offers:

  1. Bender Visual Motor Gestalt (BVMG) Test
  2. Weschler’s Memory Scale (WMS)
  3. Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE)
  4. Blessed Dementia Scale
  5. Neuro Psychological Inventory (NPI)

 

6. Tests for Specific Conditions:

These tests aim to diagnose specific clinical conditions.

Inner Space offers:

  1. Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder Test (ADHDT)
  2. Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD)
  3. Gilliam’s Autism Rating Scale (GARS)